Farming and Natural Resource Dynamics under Public-Private Partnership in Eastern Zambia

1583 Words Feb 25th, 2018 6 Pages
Community-Based Natural Resource Management (CBNRM): Opening Doors for Market-Oriented Approaches Over the past twenty years, CBNRM has been adopted as a panacea for achieving sustainable NRM and rural economic development in East and Southern Africa [13]. CBNRM was born out of the wisdom that most causes of rural resource degradation take place due to centralised governance systems that exclude local communities from accessing resources in protected areas [14]. Thus, Nyirenda et al. [15], note that CBNRM should contribute to improved collective action in NRM. The net benefits of this approach include among others rural poverty alleviation, enhancing conservation, strengthening rural economies, empowering local community management capability in order to lead to long-term social, economic and ecological benefits [13]. CBNRM has been implemented using different models notable among which include Zimbabwe’s CAMPFIRE [16], and LIFE in Namibia [13]. According to Nelson and Agrawal [14], most scholars and CBNRM practitioners reveal that the approach has not fully achieved its objectives. For instance, in Zambia, CBNRM programmes have been affected by poor governance in the local community institutions [15,17]. In Botswana, Nelson and Agrawal [14], assert the lack of political will to manage wildlife using CBNRM model as one of the challenges. Additionally, some models such as CAMPFIRE have been criticised as meeting only conservation objectives at the expense of…
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