Fascist Italy and Population Essay

757 WordsMar 8, 20074 Pages
Overall, the fascist experiment in Italy was a failure. Benito Mussolini aimed to make the world safe for the middle class, small business owners, property owners, and people in the agricultural area. Through this, Mussolini gained support of the majority of the population. There is no doubt that most of the support was actually the work of propaganda and rhetoric rather than the ‘real thing'. The government made desperate attempts to significantly increase the birthrate in Italy. In 1927, Mussolini launched the "Battle for births". The task of young women was to get married quickly and have a lot of children. And the more children they get, the more benefits they get from the government. Mussolini's population policy failed to produce…show more content…
The women in Italy who had unusual numbers of children lived in hardship and poverty while they were still under pressure from the public and the government to have more children. Mussolini's big plan was to have all the men serving the military and the women working in the domestic sphere. Mussolini's daughter, Edda Mussolini Ciano, was asked to return to Italy from China in Document 7. She did not appreciate Mussolini's request at all because he told her to leave just to be asked to become pregnant again. "I was angry to have been forced to leave that spellbinding, magical country and to be pregnant again…" In Document 10, a mother of 11 children who is living in poor conditions writing to the daughter of Mussolini that she is in need for help. In Document 11, an average middle class is shown. It is a family of fourteen people of all ages, from infants to adults. Most of the men in the photo seems like they are either working for Mussolini or serving the army. Mussolini, seeing as how his dream for Italy was becoming a failure, resorted to statistics. In Document 4, fascists saw that fat women are more capable of producing children than that of normal women. They therefore called for a "Battle for the fat" and targeted mainly women who weighed at least 300 pounds. In Document 2, Pietro Battera, a demographer, points out that the economy conditions in Italy was in no way suitable for Italy to have a higher and stable population than
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