Fathers and Sons by Ivan Turgenev

1029 Words Feb 19th, 2018 4 Pages
We see this concept used in the novel Fathers and Sons, by Ivan Turgenev. Turgenev uses the recurring idea of Nihilism to illustrate the development of characters and their change in attitude as the book progresses. He emphasizes character analysis, as well as comparing emotional aspects by using minor characters to alter major characters and their emotions throughout the book. In this novel, Turgenev uses the idea of Nihilism that evolves around Bazarov, a character who rejects to believe in almost anything throughout the book. Seen as a major character, Turgenev displays Bazarov as he renounces the assumptions of the “truths” of political, emotional, social, or the way of living in Russia unless scientifically proven. Serfdom, the foundation of Russian social hierarchy, is commonly rejected by the nihilistic views of Bazarov, which creates a border between him and two characters who are viewed as Aristocrats, Nikolai, and Pavel. Turgenev presents the two Aristocrats as protagonists since they have done many things to earn that title, such as freeing the serfs who were once house servants, allowing them to have an easier life with fewer responsibilities. This type of attitude toward the servants creates a conflict between them and Bazarov as he confronts an argument with Pavel: “So what, if they deserve to be despised? You…
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