With regard to sleepiness, several studies indicated that the average of sleep duration in 1910 to 2002 have decreased from 9 to 6 hours on workdays (National sleep foundation, 2002; Groger et al., 2004). Recently, a survey study of Roger et al. (2004) shows that an American Nurses have an average of 84 minutes more sleep on non workdays. Thus, shift work suggested as a cause of sleeping disorder among nurses where they feel of sleep during the shift. Considering the contributing factors of sleepiness, the literature identified that long working hours and rotating shifts are causing sleeping disorder. In the night and rotating shifts, the nurses are rarely obtained adequate amount of sleep. In fact, the nurses experiencing less sleeping hours (1 to 4 hour) than normal sleeping (Zeisler et al.,1980). Nevertheless, insufficient sleep is a significant reason of damaging planning, decision-making, and integration of information (Krueger, 1994; Harrison and Horne, 2000). More recent studies have revealed that long hour shifts and overtime are strongly linked to the difficulties of being a wake through the shift which leads to increase the risk of making an error (Scott et al., 2006; Roger et al., 2004).
Have you ever gotten lost in the Internet, swallowed by the constant updates on Twitter and Facebook for hours, when you only meant to be on for a few minutes? This is a constant battle in our society and technology changes and our use of it increases. It is becoming a bigger issue every day, and now it affects one of our basics psychological needs: sleep. Though I concede with Brooke Gladstone, author of “The Influencing Machines” that we can adapt to technology as it grows, I still insist that some issues that arise with technology are bigger than Gladstone portrays and we need to find solutions for some of the bigger problems that technology creates, especially when it disturbs a basic psychological need.
Employers are coming up with innovative ways of keeping their workers healthy and free from injury; this is the trending way of benefiting organizations. Pursuing adjustable workstations for company workforce to use is a significant investment for employers. It is equally important for employers to ensure they achieve investment returns (National Safety Council, 2007).
People should be punished for not taking action in a life and death situation. In the article the author, Jay Sterling Silver, believes that civil liability should be established for everyone everywhere. I somewhat agree with his point because it’s the right thing to do but that’s not always the case. During a life and death situation people tend to panic and when they do they start to lose control because they are torn between taking action or calling 911 but it might be too late for that. People will act without precaution in an emergency or some will not act at all because they’re scared they might make the situation worse than what it is.
The methods and protocols of all the articles are efficient, reliable, and accurate. They provide accurate data on the prevalence of WMSDs in the automotive manufacturing industry. Automotive manufacturing companies in two different countries (also different continents) are observed in order to get the most accurate results. The research shows the prevalence of WMSDs, but do not clearly examine the consequences in terms of worker productivity (Nur et al., 2014). Only a indefinite link has been established between WMSDs and worker productivity. Another aspect that could have been further examined is the current health state of the worker. Previous health issues could increase the risk of musculoskeletal disorders, which may not be due to the nature of the work. Lastly, there are numerous different types of disorders caused by work. Further research should be done in order to classify
This learner can recommends that it will be up to the nurses to be willing to make substantial changes in their behavior. Managers may be urged to consider altering the starting times of shifts whenever possible to make schedules more compatible with circadian rhythms. Avoid scheduling employees to work more than two or three consecutive night shifts and to providing adequate recovery time between shifts, especially when between night and day shifts. Hours of service regulations, where applicable, should also be considered in the development of a fatigue management program.
In this study, I believe the independent variables are the stage of illness of the patient, spiritual well-being, and gender. The dependent variable fatigue during the cancer treatment. In the setting and subject description, the selection criteria had inclusion, and exclusion criteria. Within the inclusion criteria, every one of the participants had to be 18, or older, and have active cancer related treatment with a cancer diagnosis with either a palliative or curative intent, willing to participate in the study. The criteria that was excluded were those individuals whom had completed the cancer treatment those whom only received treatment only palliative care.
There are barriers to CRF occurring at the patient, professional and system levels. The patients barrier is due to the patient believing that their fatigue is not important, that it is inevitable or untreatable. Patients usually do not consider fatigue as a valid problem to complain about to their providers. Even when patients communicate an overwhelming or severe fatigue, they are not sure about the process that care health care providers will use to diagnosis their fatigue (Borneman, 2007). Barriers at the professional levels, include a lack of knowledge about the complex nature of fatigue. Also there is lack in literature agreement about the definition of fatigue, it’s causes, effects and remedies used for fatigue management. Usually health care providers focus on managing pain and nausea because they interfere with quality of life but fatigue is not considered one of these symptoms that needs to be addressed.
Perceived fatigue at work is often viewed as important, because it may interfere with the high efficiency demanded in many occupational settings. Examples of effects of fatigue are poor judgement, omission of details, and generally, inadequate performance. Fatigue that becomes chronic or excessive may interfere with a person's quality of life, and without recovery prolonged fatigue may also lead to work-related disorders. Managing human fatigue and reducing excessive fatigue are of significance in areas such as healthcare industry, where fatigue has been shown to be an inﬂuential factor in a variety of medical errors result in substantial unnecessary personal and economic costs (Tourangeau et al. 2006). DeLuca emphasize the complex nature of
As I suffer from Moderate Fatigue, I find staying awake very difficult no matter the amount of sleep I do or do not get. To help with this I take natural tablets as mentioned before. I get mine from Holland and Barrett’s, and as it is all natural it causes no harm. I highly suggest this, but if you dislike tablets there are other methods to help fatigue.
Success in life is typically measured by the result of what is accomplished during the waking hours. The degree of effectiveness of those hours however, depend on effective rest. “Sleep is integral to the health and well-being of all people” (Wells 233). Sleep is simply defined as the body’s rest cycle – a time to recharge. The widely accepted metric for normal or sufficient sleep is about 8 hours of uninterrupted sleep. When this metric is not met, either through total sleep loss or accumulated sleep debt, the effect can be dire, “Sleep deprivation results in poor memorizing, schematic thinking, which yields wrong decisions, and emotional disturbances such as deteriorated interpersonal responses and increased aggressiveness” (Orzeł-Gryglewska 95). Sleep deprivation hinders the abilities of the mind, harms the body, and shortens length of life.
Nurses encounter countless alarms throughout the course of their shift. The overstimulation due to these alarms can questionably lead to decreased sensitivity to ringing alarms and poor patient outcomes as a result. Sendelbach and Funk (2013) report that “alarm fatigue is sensory overload when clinicians are exposed to an excessive number of alarms, which can result in desensitization to alarms and missed alarms. Patient deaths have been attributed to alarm fatigue” (pg 378).
According to the U.S. National Library of Medicine (2013), fatigue is a response that is important and can be caused by physical activity, emotional stress, boredom, or lack of sleep. According to the Aviation Instructor’s Handbook (2008), “Fatigue is one of the most treacherous hazards to flight safety as it may not be apparent to a pilot until serious errors are made” (p. 8-4).
The fatigue associated with working the night shift was brought into the spotlight after an aircraft incident that occurred on June 10, 1990. British Airways flight 5390 had just departed from Birmingham International Airport when the aircraft experienced a rapid pressure loss due to the pilot’s windshield blowing out of the aircraft. This resulted in the pilot being sucked halfway out of the aircraft and another flight crew member grabbing the pilots belt and holding him from being sucked completely out while the copilot to take control of the aircraft and land it safely at a nearby airport. The official findings of the accident investigation linked the windshield blowout to the wrong size bolts being installed. The bolts were installed early in the morning hours and the fatigued shift maintenance manager who installed them didn’t recognize that they were the wrong bolts. He thought that the countersinking on the window was unusually large (Baron, 2009). This is just one example of mistakes made on night shift due to fatigue. Fatigue is a dangerous human factor that is present in the aircraft maintenance community.