Fats and Oils

2370 Words May 27th, 2013 10 Pages

Fats and oils, group of organic substances that form an important part of the diet and also are useful in many industries. The fats are usually solid, the oils generally liquid at ordinary room temperatures. Some tropical products, liquids in their sites of origin, become solids in cooler climates; in commerce these often retain the name originally given, e.g., palm oil and coconut oil. Chemically fats and oils are either simple or mixed glyceryl esters of organic acids belonging to the fatty-acid series.Fats and oils are derived from both plant and animal. sources.(http://encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com/Fats+and+Oils) TYPES/CLASSIFICATION:
Saturated Fats
Saturated Fats are by far the most controversial of
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They also provide nutrients to help develop and maintain your body’s cells.
Monounsaturated fats are found predominantly in olives, olive oil, sunflower and sesame oils, nuts and nut oils, as well as seeds.
Recommendation: There is no need to limit your intake of monounsaturated fats. Consume extra virgin olive oil or other nut oils that are unrefined. Cold pressed and Expeller pressed oils are the best oils to choose as they retain most of their nutritious properties. Choose organic whenever possible.
Polyunsaturated Fats
Polyunsaturated fats are associated with both positive and negative effects, which are directly attributed to the ratio of omega-6 to omega-3 fatty acids in the diet. These terms refer to the chemical make-up of the types of fats, which each affect the body in different ways. We need to have both of these fats in our diets, in approximately a ratio of 1:1. However, Americans tend to consume way too many omega-6 fats. The omega-6 to –3 ratio is currently between 20:1 and 40:1 for most Americans whereas a hundred years ago it was much closer to 1:1. This dramatic shift toward omega-6 dominance is believed to have much to do with the rise of chronic illness in the past century. In fact, it has been found that people diagnosed with learning disorders, depression and schizophrenia can have ratios in the range of 50:1 to 70:1!! Inflammation is a common component of many of today’s chronic disease conditions: heart disease, arthritis, cancer, etc.
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