Fdi in Retail Sector

2994 Words Oct 8th, 2012 12 Pages

India is in the midst of a retail boom. The sector witnessed significant transformation in the past decade from small-unorganized family-owned retail formats to organized retailing. Indian business houses and manufacturers are setting up retail formats while real estate companies and venture capitalist are investing in retail infrastructure. Many international brands have entered the market. With the growth in organized retailing, unorganized retailers are fast changing their business models. However, retailing is one of the few sectors where foreign direct investment (FDI) is not allowed at present.

FDI in retail industry
FDI in retail industry means that foreign companies in certain categories can sell products through
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However, it is now set to grow at 25-30 per cent per annum. In developed countries, organized retailing makes for over 70 per cent of the total business. Recently, the Government announced its intention to open up the retail sector to foreign investment. It is still, however, debating whether to allow 26 per cent or 49 per cent FDI in the sector. Initially, the idea was to begin with 26 per cent and then gradually liberalize it further. However, since China moved from 49 per cent to 100 per cent FDI in this sector last year, the Commerce Ministry and the Prime Minister's Office (PMO) appear to be inclined to go for 49 per cent FDI at one go, despite opposition from Left parties. Even as the government is debating the level FDI in of retail, a number of foreign players, including the world's largest corporation, the $288- billion Wal-Mart Stores, Inc., have announced their intention to enter India in a big way. With the impending opening up of the sector to overseas investment, they are now keen on forays into the sector in partnership with multinational chains. According to industry analysts, as many as 20 big Indian companies are working on plans to enter the sector in partnership with foreign investors. For instance, it has opened up the real estate sector by allowing 100 per cent FDI in the construction projects. The move is expected to attract foreign funds and new technology into the market. Second, Foreign Trade Policy 2005-06 has
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