Federal Data Protection Laws On The United States

1431 WordsSep 7, 20156 Pages
citizens a common law right to privacy against publications (Murray, 1997). The common law right to privacy has evolved through time, and the United States had reacted differently to specific information privacy concerns. Dimov (2013) reported, interestingly, that on the federal level, the United States sustained a sectorial method towards data protection legislation in which certain industries are protected and others are not (p. 4). The following are three federal data protection laws indicated as of great importance in the United States: (1) Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA) - governs the collection and distribution of health and financial data; (2) Fair and Accurate Credit Transaction Act (FACTA) - protects individuals from identity theft, and (3) Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)-protects the privacy for children under thirteen (Dimov, 2013, p. 5). Oyegunle (2012) noted, “As advances in technology have made it easier for the government and private entities to access, collect, and share the private information of individuals, privacy concerns have become increasingly relevant” (p. 366). Technology has revolutionized how we conduct business and communicate to each other. Unfortunately, this technological revolution also generated more opportunities for criminals to get creative with their criminal endeavors. Private sector executives are encouraged to share information with the federal government in order to increase security
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