Federal Government Roles

Decent Essays
Marisa Caputo
IP Unit 1

The U.S federal government is made up of three branches, Executive, legislative, and judicial.

The President of the United States is in charge of the executive branch, his role is to enforce the laws that Congress makes. He is Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces and, choses the persons to be in charge of federal agencies like the Cabinet, Department of Defense, and the Social Security Administration. The Vice President is also a part of the executive branch, and is on standby should something happen to the President. The Executive Branch employs more than 4 million Americans.

The Legislative Branch is, or otherwise known as Congress. There are two parts of congress, the Senate and the
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In the United States, the Constitution grants certain powers to both the U.S government and State government. By Robert Longley US Government Expert

The criminal justice system is made up of the following role
 Law enforcement
 Criminal courts
 Civil courts
 Corrections
Law enforcements role is, but not limited to, preventing crime, writing reports, keeping people safe, investigating, patrolling, and attending court.

Civil Courts Criminal Courts
In a civil suit, one party (the plaintiff) who feels they were harmed brings a complaint against another party (the defendant). Sometimes the government is one of the parties. The government (the plaintiff) brings suit against (prosecutes) a person who they believe has broken the law (the defendant).
Reasonable doubt is not required. A "preponderance of evidence" is enough in most cases. The guilt of the defendant must be proven beyond a reasonable doubt.
The plaintiff can either ask for monetary relief, or equitable relief
• Monetary relief is when the plaintiff asks for a cash award to remedy the
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If the defendant is convicted, he or she may have to serve time in jail or pay a fine. The role of the correctional system is to make sure that an offender’s sentence is carried out, whether it’s time in jail, prison, or probation. The four goals of corrections are: retribution, deterrence, incapacitation, and rehabilitation. Each state’s corrections is responsible for deciding which policies and methods will be used to reach these goals for all offenders.

The Federal Court System The State Court System
Article III of the Constitution invests the judicial power of the United States in the federal court system. Article III, Section 1 specifically creates the U.S. Supreme Court and gives Congress the authority to create the lower federal courts. The Constitution and laws of each state establish the state courts. A court of last resort, often known as a Supreme Court, is usually the highest court. Some states also have an intermediate Court of Appeals. Below these appeals courts are the state trial courts. Some are referred to as Circuit or District
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