Federal Indian Policies

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Beginning in 1789 with George Washington, the Indians living next to the American people forced federal Indian policies to be created, which ranged from coexistence to removal. These policies under the seven different presidents coincided in ways regarding expansion and removal, but also changed in ways regarding American interaction, civilization, and removal tactics of the Indians. Despite the consistent similarities in federal Indian policies during the years between the Washington and Jackson Administrations, the time frame ultimately led to major evolvement and transformations in viewpoints, treatments, and actions.
George Washington and John Adams’ administrations had similar intentions, but policies were changing when Thomas Jefferson
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Developmentally, the Indian policies changed from civilizing the Indians away from their traditional lifestyle to removing them from their land, to west of the Mississippi river. Thomas Jefferson and his administration met with Native leaders to discuss his proposals, which included lessons in English and Arithmetic (U.S. Indian Policy). Madison, after Jefferson’s failure, took on the attempt to make the Natives farmers, and protect them with the U.S. army as they transformed in the east (Madison’s American Indian Policy). James Monroe brought forth voluntarily movement of the Natives west of the Mississippi where they would be civilized away from the American people and have a funded education on Christianity. This alteration in policy was encouraged by the desire for land and U.S. expansion. Under Monroe, the Indians were being taught the ideologies of Christianity in government-funded schools (James Monroe and the Indians). Through the Monroe administration, expansion of the U.S. was continuing to prosper, but it was also the beginning of the removal of Indians into the west that happened through…show more content…
In a sudden manner, the voluntary movements of Natives to lands west of the Mississippi became politically and militarily enforced movement to a specific territory, what is now present-day Oklahoma. James Monroe, a consistent president in assisting the tribes, was willing to help the Natives establish their own land to civilize (James Monroe and the Indians). John Quincy Adams encouraged the movement of Indians to west of the Mississippi, but also while purchasing their previous land, rather than annexing it(Presidency of John Quincy Adams). These methods kept peace and negotiation between the Indians and the Americans. As soon as Jackson was elected president, he called for military force to remove the Indians from their land through the Indian Removal Act. This sudden modification was because of Jackson’s belief that Indians should not live east of the Mississippi river and strongly urged the use of military action prior to his election in 1829. Due to Jackson’s new law, Indian Nations were forced to move into Oklahoma on the Trail of Tears, which resulted in many deaths (Indian Removal Act). The removal of Indians continued on from Monroe’s administration, however, this was conclusively brought on by the desire of westward expansion, which began with Washington’s
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