Federal Laws Essay examples

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Federal Laws

The federal governments stand on inclusion is somewhat indistinct. There are federal laws that govern education of children with disabilities. However, they do not require inclusion, but only that a significant effort be made to find an inclusive placement. The Individuals With Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was amended in 1997. The term inclusion does not appear in the act, but does require that children with disabilities be educated to the maximum extent appropriate in the least restrictive environment, which is interpreted to mean the regular education classroom. The intent of IDEA is to educate as many students with disabilities as possible in the regular education classroom (--, 2002.)

Section 504 of the
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Holland the parents were challenging the district’s decision to place their daughter half-time in a special education classroom and half-time in a regular education classroom. They were fighting over the non-academic benefits that their daughter would gain if included full time. The court established a four-part balancing test to determine whether a school district is complying with IDEA. The four factors were as follows; The educational benefits of placing the child in a full-time regular education program, the non-academic benefits of such a placement, the effect the child would have on the teacher and other students in the regular classroom, and the costs associated with this placement. As a result of applying these factors, the court found in favor of including the child (Schultz 2001.)

Special Education Legislation

Special Education Legislation has helped inclusion activists throughout the years. In 1975 the Education of All Handicapped Children Act required that a free and appropriate education and related services be provided in the least restrictive environment and that an individualized plan (IEP) be written for each student. In 1983 amendments were passed that emphasize planning for transitional services for secondary students and authorize parent training and information centers. In 1986 Amendments were passed that extend the provisions to children ages three
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