Federal, Provincial And Territorial Governments

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The federal, provincial and territorial governments are in charge of Canada’s health care system including the achievement of the social determinants of health such as proper housing, education, sanitation for every eligible citizen (Health Canada, 2011). Majority of the responsibilities of delivering, maintaining and improving health and social services are directed by the provincial and territorial governments, while the federal government is responsible for funding health care services to provinces and territories that are covered by the Canada Health Act (CHA), setting and ensuring that every province and territories adheres to the Canada Health Act principles and providing health and social services to certain group of people such as…show more content…
For example, “in Ontario, the provincial program covers all people aged 65 and over, residents of long-term care homes, recipients of home care services and social assistance, and people with high drug costs in relation to their income (a catastrophic insurance plan)” (Allin & Rudoler, 2015, p.22). 70% of Canadian health system is publicly funded, and financed by the federal government through personal and corporate taxes, sales taxes and other revenue (Health Canada, 2011; Allin & Rudoler, 2015) while, 30% supplementary health services not included in the Canada Health Act are privately financed through employer private insurance or personal private insurance paid for by the residents (Health Canada, 2011; Allin & Rudoler, 2015). The federal government allocate and distribute some of the revenue from the country’s GDP for health services to provinces and territories that their insurance plans meet the Canada Health Act principles: publicly administration, comprehensiveness, universality, portability and accessibility (no extra billing fees for insured health benefits under CHA) (Health Canada, 2011).
In 1941, the Sick Fund
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