Federal Republic of Brazil

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The official name of the country is the Federative Republic of Brazil. Brazil is the largest country in South America, it is located in Eastern South America and it borders the Atlantic Ocean. Brazil borders many countries including Argentina, Bolivia, Columbia, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Uruguay, and Venezuela. Brasilia is the capital and it is located in the Brazilian highlands in the country’s Central West Region. Brasilia was founded on April 21, 1960 and since then the population of Brazil has grown to about 201 million people.
Portuguese is the official language of Brazil, although people speak a variety of other languages. Some of the other languages spoken in Brazil are German, Italian, Japanese, and Korean, along with 195 indigenous languages and some Baltic languages as well. There are many religions represented in Brazil including Protestant, Methodist, Episcopal, Pentecostal, Lutheran, Baptist, Jewish, Muslim, Buddhist, Jehovah’s Witness, Shinto, Rastafarian, Candomble and Umbanda. Though there are many religions the most prominent in the country is Roman Catholic. “Since the Portuguese colonized Brazil in the 16th century, it has been overwhelmingly Catholic. And today Brazil has more Roman Catholics than any other country in the world.” ("Brazil," 2004)
The government of Brazil is a Federal Republic. In this system the President is both the head of state and the head of government, as well as the head of a multi-party system. The

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