Federalism Is Overrated

619 WordsFeb 17, 20182 Pages
According to the book “Essentials of American Government” federalism “is a form of government that apportions sovereign power across at no less than two political elements such as national and regional.” In the situation of the United States, power is divided between a central government and sub divisional governments so that each government has some independent authority. In the case of dual federalism, which began roughly in 1789 and lasted through World War II. Dual federalism also known as the “layer cake” federalism “posits on having separate but equally powerful state and national governments is the best constitutional arrangement. “On the other hand, cooperative federalism also known as the “marble cake” federalism began, in the 1930’s all the way through the 1970’s. Cooperative federalism, “a term that describes the interlace relations among the national, state, and local governments.” There are several basic differences between Cooperative and dual federalism. For instance, a crucial difference between these two is how each one of them interprets the Tenth Amendment and the elastic clause. Dual federalism narrows the interpretation of the elastic clause and states’ rights. Whereas Cooperative federalism has a broad interpretation of necessary and proper clauses and what the Tenth Amendment truly states. Other differences include how each works, for example, during the dual federalism era the state and federal governments' powers were predominantly separated and

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