Federalism in Government Policy toward Education Essay

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Education is the key to our future and that is why it is such an important subject in the United States. Education relates to federalism by interacting with the national government, state governments, and local governments. Each level of government is responsible for improving education within their limits of power. The national government has been helping to improve and regulate education since 1965 when they passed the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA). The main purpose of this act was to help America's disadvantaged students that lived in poverty. The ESEA helped improve education from grades k-12 across the United States for thirty six years. When Congress approached the same program in 2001 it was reauthorized and …show more content…
"While NCLB seeks to improve the education of all children--with an emphasis on children from low-income families--IDEA focuses on the individual child and seeks to ensure specialized services for children with disabilities so that they may benefit from education" (Exceptional Parent p70). A student's Individual Education Plan (IEP) team decides whether or not to put the student in general or special education programs. However, if the IEP team decides not to put the student in general assessments they must explain their reasoning and provide an alternate assessment for the student (Exceptional Parent p70). The national government's attempts to improve education through these programs have not only been successful, but they have also started new ideas to build on. On August 9, 2007 President Bush passed a new act into law that will provide a vast amount of funding for scientific education (BioScience p654). "The Senate and the House of Representatives passed legislation authorizing $43.3 billion for science and science education programs." The passing of America Creating Opportunities to Meaningfully Promote Excellence in Technology, Education, and Science Act (America COMPETES), known as HR 2272, is the result of the legislation that has been running through Congress for the past 1.5 years (BioScience p654). The given purpose for America COMPETES is to act as a response to the