Federalist Essay

1453 Words 6 Pages
After winning their independence in the American Revolution, America's leaders were hesitant to create a strong centralized government in fear that it would only replace King George III's tyranny. As a result, the first constitution, the Articles of Confederation, gave the national government hardly any power over the states, and created chaos within the nation. Because of the Articles' inefficiency, a new document called the Constitution was drafted. The Constitution created a more centralized government with the separation of powers among executive, legislative, and judicial branches. The ratification of this new constitution created a debate among the federalists and the anti-federalists. The federalists were supporters of the …show more content…
2: Jay). Jay set out to persuade the public about the importance of their voice in ratifying the Constitution by appealing to their sense of patriotism and by reminding them of their own powers to judge upon the validity of the arguments. The federalists made it very clear that they, and the future Constitution, would take the views of the public with serious consideration. In the same essay, Jay also wrote that "the people must cede to it some of their natural rights, in order to vest it with requisite powers." He reminded the people to look out for the interest of the nation as a whole. Increasing distrust in public affairs and the search for private rights were some of the distresses the infant nation was undergoing. "These must be chiefly, if not wholly, effects of the unsteadiness and injustice with which a factious spirit has tainted our public administration" (No.10: Madison). The federalists believed that a republican form of government was the best remedy in eliminating factions, citizens with a common inspiring cause that acted harmfully to another, without destroying liberty. This would be possible because a higher number of representatives would guard against the factions, which would never become the majority under the republic. "After an unequivocal experience of the inefficacy