Federalist Paper No. 51, by James Madison

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“In framing a government which is to be administered by men over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you must first enable the government to control the governed; and in the next place oblige it to control itself,” are words written by James Madison in The Federalist Papers No. 51. The Federalist Paper No. 51 is one of several documents that compose the Federalist Papers, a series of essays written by James Madison, John Jay, and Alexander Hamilton promoting the ratification of the Constitution. In this particular paper, several principles are used as arguments for ratification. Specifically, a main argument discussed is the means this government would have to self-regulate itself. Following the sentence quoted above is, “A dependence…show more content…
The bill itself seems harmless, but attorneys argued that the bill would make it difficult to challenge the validity of foreclosure records when reports of improperly foreclosed homes were increasing. To ensure that the unintended effects of the bill wouldn’t harm consumers, President Obama vetoed it and sent it back to Congress. This is where the system of checks and balances is used. When the president disagrees with a legislation passed by Congress, he has the right to veto the bill as the executive branches check and balance against the power of the legislative branch. President Obama’s actions showed how the executive branch can check the legislative branch by vetoing bills that could potentially harm the public welfare of the nation. Of course, Congress could have overturned President Obama’s veto with a 2/3 vote in both houses. While the executive branch can veto legislations passed by the legislative branch, the legislative branch can also check the executive branch by overriding the presidential veto. “Ambition must be made to counteract ambition.” The system of checks and balances is one branch counteracting the influences of another, creating a stalemate as exemplified above. None of the three branches can exert any source of power over the others without being counterbalanced by the powers of another branch. For example, President Obama nominated Elena Kagan for the Supreme Court
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