Female Circumcision

3226 Words13 Pages
Female Circumcision
Duong Ly
PS 309 Human Sexuality

Female circumcision, also known as female genital mutilation, is a traditional practice, adopted mainly in several countries in Africa but has been remained unknown for many other societies. It applies usually on young girls before their first menstruation and involves the removal of the external female genital, clitoris, either partly or completely, associated with sewing the vagina opening shut. However, in some cases, women get circumcised after their first birth giving or before getting married. The desire is to keep the value of women as well as to control female sexual desire associated with other religious beliefs and myths. As cruel as it sounds, female
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An analysis of female Egyptian mummies found that they were circumcised, which shows that female genital excision was already practiced at that time. Also, it was used during Victorian period in England to control women sexual desire or masturbation (Hopkins, 1999). In 1930s, removal of female external genital was adopted to treat some kinds of sexual dysfunction or variance, for instance, lesbianism, clitoral enlargement, erotomania, etc (Nour, para. 5). “J.Marion Sims, the “Father of Gynecology” endorsed the practice of clitorectomies well into the 20th century. The practice of clitorectomy for psychiatric disorders became popular with Freudian psychoanalysis. Oophorectomy, or removal of the ovaries, also known as female castration, and hysterectomies were widespread as a cure for psychological disorders and continued in the US until the mid-1940s” (Little, 2003). * Reasons for Female Circumsion
Even though female circumcision existed before the foundation of any religions, research found the most common reason for this practice is religion. Indeed, this mainly refers to Islam with their strongly conservative view of female virginity; “Virginity is still considered the most precious possession of the unmarried woman." (Slack, 1988). Also, in many Islam countries, female sexuality is regarded as something that needs to be controlled. Hence, removing genitals and narrow vaginal opening is believed to reduce female’s sexual sense and desire. In those
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