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Female Circumcision Research Paper

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Kennedy Watchorn
Professor Kim Verwaayen
Teaching Assistant Gina Snooks
Women Studies 1020E
28 March 2016
Female Circumcision: Limiting the Harm
The exploitive practice of female genital mutilation only serves male contingent of communities wishing to control and suppress woman, must be put to an end. Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is defined by the World Health Organization as "all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons” (WHO, 2016). While the definition is technically correct, it fails to truly capture how heinous, senseless, and inhumane the act of FGM is. The
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They state that pressure to conform to what others do and have been doing, as well as the need to be accepted socially and the fear of being rejected by the community, is a strong motivation to perpetuate the practice. As a result, mutilation goes from being a perceived need to a pervasive practice that is necessary for acceptance. Non- circumcised girls and their families are often marginalized to an extent that their quality of life is reduced. The girls have less of a chance of finding a husband and having children. As well girls and their families are often excluded from society and denied positions within the community. For example “two sisters age 10 and 12 years old, who were not circumcised as their mother did not want them to be, felt different and stigmatized from other girls in their school.” (Motives for the Practice – Social Pressures about FGM,…show more content…
Efua Dorkenoo states “FGM is a clear demonstration of gender based human rights violation which intends to control women’s sexuality and freedom” (Kerbu, 14). This practice violates, the right to be free from all forms of discrimination against women: the practice carried on women and girl that has the effect on their sexual desire and enjoyment of their fundamental rights, the right to life and physical integrity including freedom from violence: it violates the right to liberty and security of women and girls because they are subjected to FGM unwillingly before they have reached the age at which they can decide for themselves, the right of the child: in some communities where is it practiced, children as young as a few months after birth to 17 years are subjected to the practice, the right to health: every individual is entitled to enjoy the highest attainable, standards of physical and mental health and the right to religious freedom: the issue of religious freedom arises because some the religious institutions are practicing FGM as a matter of religion. Therefore, interference of the practice in those religions to discontinue the practice is regarded as a violation of their religious
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