Female Genital Mutilation Or Circumcision?

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Introduction What is female genital mutilation or circumcision? According to the World Health Organization, it comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons. (WHO, 2014). It is recognized as violation of human rights for young girls and women. The procedure creates inequality between sexes and to the extreme it is discriminatory against women. There are four types of FMG. Type 1 is referred to as clitoridectomy – which is the partial or total removal of the clitoris. Type 2 is referred to as excision – which is the partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora, with or without excision of the labia majora. Type 3 is referred to as infibulation – which is the narrowing of the vaginal opening through the creation of a covering seal. Type 4 is referred to as other – like the others it alters the female genitalia without medical purpose like piercing, scraping, pricking and cauterizing. (WHO, 2014). The practice is believed to start in Egypt, but has also been documented by the ancient Romans. The Romans would perform the procedure on their slaves to prevent pregnancy. (N. Toubia, 1994). According to the World Health Organization, it is estimated in Africa that more than three million girls have been at risk for FGM annually. More than 125 million girls and women today have been cut in the 29 countries in Africa and Middle East where FGM is
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