Feminism And The Second Wave Feminism

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There was a strong and invigorated feminists’ movement in America from 1960s into the 1980s which was later spread into Europe and parts of Asia. Compare to first-wave feminism in which advocates sought for women suffrage, this feminist movement, which had a broader and deeper influence, focused on dealing with issues which hindered legal sexual equality, rights to reproduce as well as family roles. This feminism movement is named the Second-wave feminism. It was politically powerful and influential that it obtained significant gains including the pass of the Equal Pay Act in 1963, Title IX of the Educational Amendments in 1972 (Title IX prohibited discrimination by sex in educational program or activity receiving federal financial assistance), and in 1973, the Roe v. Wade case which disallowed state laws prohibiting abortion during the first three month of pregnancy, and slowly equalized the balance between two genders in workforce positions. Women gain tremendous power: women’s share of lawyers more than quadrupled, of economists more than tripled, and of police detectives more than doubled. This women’s movement opened up public discussion of issues previously seen in the “grey area”, and therefore out of the reach of public scrutiny. In the mean time, the Congress sent the Equal Rights Amendment(ERA), which would benefit women, to the states for ratification on March 22, 1972. Within a year, thirty states had ratified the ERA.
In the 80’s, however, feminists and

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