Fermentation : The Effect Of Temperature Essay

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Fermentation: The Effect of Temperature Introduction Fermentation is a metabolic pathway that allows a cell to perform cellular tasks by shifting the energy in the glucose bonds to the bonds in ATP in the presence of less oxygen. Fermentation occurs to allow the process of Glycolysis to continue to produce ATP for the cell. In the process of fermentation, NADH is oxidized. Pyruvate directly gains the electrons from NADH, instead of the electrons going to the electron transport chain. To better understand fermentation, one could compare cellular respiration with fermentation. Cellular respiration is a longer process that includes Glycolysis, pyruvate processing, the citric acid cycle, and the Electron transport chain. However, if oxygen levels needed are not present, Glycolysis produces pyruvate which yields diverse products in fermentation. Variables can effect fermentation, such as temperature. Temperature can cause kinetic energy in reactions. If the temperature was high, reactions in fermentation can speed up because molecules have excited electrons. However if the temperature is at an extreme, molecules such as proteins can denature. Brownian movement can be exemplified in a solution subjected to kinetic energy because movement of molecules are irregular, disorganized, and agitated. The process of fermentation is significant due to its importance and impact on living organisms. Observing the reactants and products of fermentation can lead to a better understanding
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