Feudal And The Feudal System

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The Middle Ages were a time full of war and poverty, and such they birthed the feudal system to lessen the effects of both those societal ailments. There were both military and economic structures that feudalism operated on. The manor supported those structures using the payments and life of a peasant and by giving the income of a lord. The free peasant filled in the gap between classes and was neither in nobility, or in servitude. The economic and military system known as the feudal system relied on a combination of the workings of a manor as well as the role of the freeman peasant.

The Middle Ages in Europe founded a economic and military system known as feudalism. This system was based on a series of personal relationships and loyalty
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Vassals owed service to the monarch and protection to their serfs. Vassals had to take an oath of homage and fealty to the king, and this caused them to owe the king (Smith 4). There was a large ceremony for the proceeding of the homage or fealty, and this was due to the fact that written contracts were often rare since most were illiterate, and all that attended could testify that the proceeding had taken place (Nardo 16-17). The services that were owed by a vassal were mostly military service in field, as well as the recruitment of knights to also serve the monarch (Smith 4). For example, vassals could be called to guard the monarch’s castles (Smith 4).The requirement of knight recruitment was called servicium debitum, and there was no real set way of completing it (Norman 113). Some vassals hired the knights, and other kept them permanently in their service and household, with the prior becoming more and more popular over time, converging with the giving of a small fief (Norman 113). There were non-military services vassals were obligated to do as well. Vassals often had to be present at royal courts for the king, usually for other vassals (Smith 4). Vassals might even need to aid the monarch financially, if ever called upon (Smith 4). During the early ages of feudalism, the monarch had the power to randomly tax his vassals, but that transformed into three events that the vassal had to pay tax for; the knighting of the monarch’s eldest son, his eldest daughter’s first marriage, and his ransom if captured (Norman 104). A lord also had obligations to the peasants that worked their land, for example, he was in control of the justice system and had to provide that service in the courts (Norman 105). The lord was also impelled to protect the peasants from all threats, human or otherwise (Norman 105). However, the process of becoming a vassal often
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