Prospect Park is a 585-acre park located In Brooklyn, a borough in New York City. This borough in particular was in great need for an open space for activities and relaxation, which is exactly what this park provided. Parks are a very important piece of land to a town because it gives people the opportunity to improve their physical health and parks also help strengthen communities because it gives people more opportunities to interact with one another. Public parks are especially very important to have in a big city like New York City because a park gives people a chance to get out of the hustle and bustle, and relax and unwind. The two creators of Prospect Park named Frederick Law Olmstead and Calvert Bowyer Vaux also designed and created a park in Manhattan called Central Park. Central park is eight hundred-forty acres of city-owned land and is a piece of land that was much needed in 1857 when it was officially opened. Vaux and Olmstead became two well-known architects by building Central Park that soon became a big success, but didn’t equally benefit both the rich and the poor. Calvert Vaux and Frederick Law Olmstead worked in a partnership to build Prospect Park.
In the city of Baltimore, people have decided to tear down their urban slums, which are heavily populated urban informal settlements that are characterized by substandard housing and squalor. Baltimore is also lowering its land taxes endeavoring to encourage wealthier people to move into the central business district. Other methods are increasing the creation of various public places such as parks. In New York, for example, Central Park serves as a perfect example of a space that was built to bring people together. Parks, change the urban landscape of the area, and impact society as well. With more parks such as Central Park, the central business district will be affected. Central Park an urban park in middle-upper Manhattan, within New York City, heavily impacted the CBD for it is one of the most popular parks within the world. Thus, urban policy has resulted in the alteration of central business and residential districts though the creation of various parks and the reconstruction of
In every community, boys and girls are left to find their own recreation and companionship in the streets. An
In every city there are neighborhoods that struggle with the issue of violence, crime and aggression. These neighborhoods have also taken on the names of slums and ghettos. The same areas where children are faced with growing up too fast because of the violence, crime and drug trafficking that has taken over these communities. Not only do these children and young adult face with these issues, they are also faced with the reality that in these disorganized neighborhoods, there is a breakdown of the traditional family therefore they must learn and master the code of conduct and or the rules of the streets in order to survive. Not to mention learning the demands of socially regarding displaying appropriate behavior when they are outside of the disorganized community.
Public spaces are social spaces where social phenomena happens, different activities leading to different social relations and interactions. Spaces with own rhythms of use and regulations that one can discover or rediscover in different cultural context.10 steven To understand how architecture can activate public spaces through play to make social spaces, spaces for public life, this paper first investigates how architecture defines the nature of a public spaces with the possibility of engaging public into play. Then, the paper discuss how play can engage people to redefine spaces and find something that have in common with others. And finally, how people can obtain their freedom through playing in a space will be explored. To do so, the
Since public space is a contested domain, devices may be placed to exclude the inappropriate users of that particular area (Malone 2002, 160-161). The inappropriateness of users may vary from one space to another. One example of this mechanism is the use of ‘hostile architecture’; the term used to describe the structures installed in public places to deter its use in certain ways or by certain groups of people (Petty 2016, 68). For example, in the cities of Australia, anti-skating devices such as little knobs on steps, garden beds and rails are implemented (Timms 2015), to exclude the space’s undesired users such as skateboarders. The skateboarding culture is closely associated with young adults, in particular the male demographic (Nemeth 2006, 309; Slee 2011, 1-2); hence through the measure of ‘hostile architecture’, young people’s use of public space may be subjected to disproportionate deterrence and
The experiment of the city needs some fine-tuning. Social reformers from all different stripes come out in full force to correct some of these urban problems. One of these campaigns is for the establishment of parks and its close cousin the playground. Landscape architect Charles Eliot whose work heavily influences the Boston Metropolitan Park System strongly pushes a park system to combat the growing urban
My buddies and I swung on the faded yellow and purple playground equipment, played basketball on their beat down courts where half of the hoops were slanted and colorless, and played soccer on their net-less goals which were offset from each other and rusting. No kids -- just the remains of a building I formerly called a second home. The weeds were unkempt and thriving on the wood chip playground and between the cracks in the cement, which were quite common, as the building had been abandoned for just about a year. It seemed like yesterday kids were chasing me in childish playground games as I would run and scream and evade the kids in
In the essay “ Learning Responsibility on City Sidewalks”, the author Jane Jacobs shows us that it is important to let children interact with city sidewalks because they can learn lots of things there. On the other hand, the author also argues that it is necessary to select appropriate public areas because not all the public areas can give children advantage lessons. Based on author’s observations, some parents will allow their children play in parks so they are convenient to take care of children and save money for hiring daycare. However, it is not useful for children to learn in this environment. For example, children will not learn independent under parent’s supervision. Combing all the factors,
Many of the public schools in the South Bronx are witnessing failing results. Failing schools are a result lack of security. For example, a few years back when I was a high school. My high school located in the South Bronx given all the necessary resources, but failed to provide security. As a result, student brought guns, weapons and sold illegal drugs inside of the school’s compound. In relation, to the twentieth century, schools were safer, and the need for security was of less importance. Parks and recreational centers today are being used less by the people of the community. The keys to the parks in Parkchester are given to residents located closer to the park. The opening and closing of the parks depend primarily on the key holder, which is the difference from the past, where everyone was allow coming freely. The reasoning behind not allowing free access to public places is to make it safer. In an effort to make it safer, it is perhaps more dangerous with the illegal entering of criminals, which utilizes the areas as hideout
Parks have been around for many years. They truly have impacted not only suburbs, but they have majorly impacted cities. Without the invention of parks it would be hard to escape city life. Cities are still changing from what they used to be and how they are designed. However the future of the parks is unsure due to funding and lack of maintenance. The first idea of a park was from William Penn in 1682. He created a plan for Philadelphia to have five areas of park - like land. Then James Oglethorpe had an idea in 1733 for Savannah. He established a system, where neighborhoods were revolved around a square (Schuyler, 2015). The first recorded urban park was Fairmount Gardens. It was created in 1812, in Philadelphia when they constructed their waterworks. The park first started off at five acres, surrounding the waterworks. The park had become so popular that in 1828 they expanded it to twenty-eight acres. In 1850, Lemon Hill and Sedgley estates were added to Fairmount, which made the popularity of the park increase. People thought the park site was chosen because of the class of people that lived there, but that was not the case. The land was chosen because it was too elevated. Since the land was so elevated that made it too hard to build and expensive to build anything there or to build roads on that kind of land (Schuyler, 2015). Parks then became very popular in cities. William Cullen Bryant and Andrew Jackson Downing became the faces
When you were little did your parents ever let you go somewhere by yourself? Whether it was to go get the mail, to go to a gas station or the store to buy some milk or even just left you at home for a couple of hours while they went to work or the store or where ever they needed to be, you were left alone for a few hours. Well in the article “The Overprotected Kid”, Hanna Rosin explains what she sees when she brings her 5 years old son Gideon to The Land. She tells us about what are some of the kids are doing like learning how to start a fire so they can stay warm, she see some boys using an old mattresses like a trampoline which they are having fun doing flips on. She describes the land like a junkyard but safer, there is no slides, monkey bars, seesaws or swings there to keep the kids entertained what there is there is tires, a frayed rope swing, or whatever is already there or whatever gets donated. She sees some kids are using a walker that the elderly neighbor donated, it is being used as a jail cell but the next day it could be used as something else. You never know what the kids will come up with. What toys are there they are ignored. She sees a stuff animal faced down in the mud and another sitting behind a broken chair. In the article, “The Overprotected Kid “ by Hanna Rosin, she successfully persuades the reader that it's ok for kids to be alone and to let them go play with friends as long as they agree to come home at the time you tell them to.
This image of children carelessly playing unsupervised provides the reader with a false sense of safe secure well-being. Even when the men do begin to gather, the reader finds them engaged in small talk such as “planting and rain, tractors, and taxes”(251); all, everyday topics one would expect being discussed at such a peaceful community event.
| Children and youth primarily play in the recreational park, whereas adults tend to spend time in the park with the gazebo and benches. Although children from a nearby day care center can be seen walking in line through the gazebo park. A bar/restaurant on the main street is a busy establishment for adults. A 24 –hour convenient store is a popular hangout for teenagers who stand outside smoking cigarettes and socializing. A school on the east edge of town has school-aged children practicing on the fields.
The Street Life Project concluded that these parks recorded the highest numbers of people, yet were perceived to be the least crowded, which Whyte attributed to that fact that people enjoy “being around strangers more when there is a little something they can control; some freedom of choice like a chair they can move” a fact reinforced by recent findings –like having a window to control- in green building design. The movable chair is antithetical yet complementary to density ‘giving people a sense of choice makes reduced social distance more tolerable’. The element of choice reflects Whyte’s in-depth appreciation of social psychology and behaviouralism known as proxemics as expounded by the anthropologist Edward T. Hall of