Essay Fibromyalgia

1591 Words Sep 7th, 2012 7 Pages
Fibromyalgia

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Exercise for Special Populations
February 17, 2012

Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is a debilitating neurological disorder characterized by chronic widespread pain and fatigue. It affects approximately 2% of the population, and is more common in women than in men. Central nervous system sensitization affects the entire body, leading to many secondary symptoms. This paper will cover the history, symptoms, and causes of FMS as well as known treatments and exercise prescription for the syndrome. Fibromyalgia has been described as a full-body migraine. Another common explanation is to compare everyday life with FMS as being similar to the aches and pains associated with a severe
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|Supraspinatus: bilateral, at origins, above the scapula spine near the medial border. |
|Second rib: bilateral, at the second costochondral junctions, just lateral to the junctions on the upper surfaces. |
|Lateral epicondyle: bilateral, 2 cm distal to the epicondyles. |
|Gluteal: bilateral, in upper outer quadrants of buttocks in anterior fold of muscle. |
|Greater trochanter: bilateral, posterior to the trochanteric prominence. |
|Knee: bilateral, at the medial fat pad proximal to the joint line. |

There are so many common secondary symptoms that it is not unusual for a patient to be treated by multiple specialists for those symptoms over a period of years before they are diagnosed with FMS. Secondary symptoms need not be present for diagnosis, and will vary from one patient to the next.
Table 2: Secondary Symptoms

|Migraine or tension-type
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