Figurative Language In I Have A Dream By Martin Luther King

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“I have a dream…”, ‘one of the most controversial speeches in history, was delivered by Martin Luther King, Jr. Not only did the speech help to change the way people viewed slavery, but it also was filled with various types of figurative language. In this essay I will go over what the types of figurative language is, how they were used, and why. But first what is figurative language anyway? Figurative language is words or expressions that have a different meaning than the literal definition. The main reason as to why writers use figurative language is to help the reader to visualize and compare what they are saying to things they understand better. Out of all types of figurative language only 11 types will be discussed today. The first type of figurative language is a simile. A simile is a figure of speech comparing two unlike things with words such as: as or like. As I said before, figurative language is used to make a story more relatable and that particularly applies to similes. One of the similes Martin Luther King, Jr used in “I Have a Dream…” is the phrase, “-justice rolls down like waters and righteousness like a mighty stream.” He used this to show how free it felt. The second type of figurative language is a metaphor. A metaphor compares two things by using one kind of object or using in place of another to suggest the likeness between them. Even though it sounds as if it has the same purpose as a simile, it actually is different because it doesn’t use like or
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