Figurative Language Versus Literal Language

1545 Words Aug 7th, 2012 7 Pages
The English language is known as being one of the most difficult languages to learn. There are many reasons for this, a major factor being the use of figurative language. Since the English language is packed with figures of speech is can be very confusing to truly comprehend what someone is trying to get across. This doesn’t just go for the new comers to the English language but also to native English speakers. Throughout this paper I will define and give examples for ten different types of figurative language while providing appropriate usage. These types of figurative language include idiom, analogy, metaphor, simile, cliché, amphiboly, fame word, hyperbole, euphemism, and lastly colloquialism.
Idiom
Idioms are words or phrases that
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This figure of speech is an expression of how if you’re in a bad situation, make the best of it like lemons into lemonade. Since clichés are used so frequently they lose their effectiveness. It is as the clichés go in one ear and right out the other because we are used to hearing them too often.
Amphiboly
Amphiboly is a misleading notion on someone’s original words structured to confuse or mislead and audience ("Dictionary.com," 2012). Many candidates during elections use this figurative language in order to misrepresent their competitor resulting in more votes for them. For example Sarah says “I believe that lowers taxes. It’s the best thing to do for our economy right now”. If Tom was talking about raises taxes he could still state that Sarah said “It’s the best thing to do for our economy right now”. In actuality Sarah wants to lower the taxes, Tom uses Amphibology in order to mislead others about her actually meaning behind her words. Amphiboly can be extremely confusing especially if you don’t know what the person originally said. It is very easy to be gullible in this situation. It is best to always do research and check each statement someone said to be sure of their meaning behind their words.
“Flame word”
Flame words are emotional words that are able get under someone’s skin in a negative way. These words will trigger a reaction from people. For example, calling someone fat instead of calling them obese. Fat is considered a flame word

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