Filariasis, Malaria, Dengue Fever and Lyme Disease
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Insects-the most diverse group of animals on Earth, are the major group from arthropods class. Insects could be found in almost everywhere, in any conditions, and environments, which why we would classify insects as the most successful, and diverse organisms to dominate the earth’s population. However, these magnificent, simple yet sophisticated organisms are capable to produce massive casualties. The manner of how these diseases are introduced to human through insects will further be discussed in this paper. This paper will attempt a further analysis on the history, the distribution of the diseases worldwide, and the further impact noted caused by the diseases.
Vector could be defined as an organism that does not involve in causing…show more content… Filariasis has no clear vaccine. Thus, the best way to eradicate the disease is by eliminating microfilaria from the infected individuals, which therefore will interrupt the process of transmitting the infection by the mosquito. Administration of diethylcarbamazine concurrently with albendazole or invermectin (DEC) is proven to eliminate 99% of microfilaria from the infected individual. Albeit advance treatment of this disease is currently available, vigorous action should be taken by the communities and the respective agencies to abolish all potential breeding sites for mosquitoes.
WHO classify this disease a disease of the poor, due to its pervasiveness to occur in remote rural areas. Thus, if I were to construct two premises on filariasis, I would say; first, to have a filariasis is to live in poverty. Second, people are infected by filariasis. And therefore, I would conclude that those who are infected by filariasis are most likely to live in poverty. As has been stated by the WHO, “the fight to eliminate filariasis is also a fight against poverty”.
Malaria is another example of vector-borne infectious disease that uses mosquitos as vectors and would infects the blood. Malaria remains a big problem in many sub tropical and tropical countries. The United States is considered Malaria free since it has been eradicated in this country since early 1950’s. However, over 1300 cases of malaria, including 8 deaths were reported in 2002.