Film and Soviet Bloc Nations Essay

1312 Words6 Pages
How did the Paramount decision of 1948 change the U.S. film industry? To what degree did the decision alter the way the industry did business?
The Supreme Court ruled against the Hollywood’s monopoly of the film industry of the United States, directing that the production and distribution of movies be separated from movie exhibition practices. The ruling marked the death of studio era and led to numerous changes in film industry decades later. The paramount decision pushed the Twentieth century fox, Big Five studios, MGM, Paramount, RKO and Warner Bros companies to sell some of their theatre chains. The ruling went ahead to outlaw the price discriminatory and purchasing arrangements, fixing of admissions prices, block booking and
…show more content…
They utilized the emergence of innovations such as cinemascope, 3-D, stereophonic sound and many others to produce these films.

Identify the major segments of the U.S. film going audience targeted by producers in the 1950s. What kinds of films were produced for each of these segments? The first one was the teen audience segment, which proved to have higher spending powers because of their disposable income that they used mainly on entertainment. Hollywood therefore produced films that fall under this segment such as The Blackboard Jungle (1955) and as Rebel without a Cause (1955). The second segment was immigrant and working- class audiences that had enough money to buy tickets for the theaters. The third segment was the films targeting anti-communist groups, whereby Hollywood produced more than 50 movies that were against the communist societies. The films intoxicated people that hate the communist societies, saying that these people were murderers, didn’t have children and also caused problems when arrested. Films such as, In Vittorio de Sica’s featuring the Bicycle Thief, was produced in 1950s.

What factors lay behind the "upscaling" of Hollywood film genres during the 1950s? Identify the significant genres of the postwar period, and explain how each was affected by enhanced production values and increased thematic complexity.
There are many factors that lead to the upscaling genres (Melodrama, the Western,
Get Access