Final Paper - Bipolar Disorder

1202 Words Aug 31st, 2009 5 Pages
Bipolar disorder is a psychiatric disorder also known as

manic depression. It is described as a category of mood disorders. Mood

disorders are defined by the presence of one or more episodes known as mania

and hypomania. Bipolar disorder affects about five million Americans, about

3 out of every 100 adults. This disorder had been found equally in men and

women.

The signs and symptoms of major depressive episode

are feelings of sadness, anxiety, guilt, anger, isolation, or hopelessness and

disturbances in sleep and appetite, fatigue and loss of interest in everyday

activities, problems concentrating, lonliness, self-loathing, apathy, loss of

interest in sexual activity, shyness, social anxiety
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Bipolar NOS is used to indicate bipolar illness that does not

fit into the three other categories. If a person has symtopms of bipolar disorder

but does not meet the requirements for the other three categories, they will be

diagnosed with Bipolar NOS.

There are a few known causes for what causes Bipolar

disorder. Genetic studies have been to inconsistent to prove that the disorder

may be passed on from generation to generation. Some studies have shown

that some children, who later in life, are diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder, may

have shown early traits of the disorder, such as mood swings, or full major

depressive episodes. There may also be hypersensitivity and irritability.

Studies have shown that life events and experiences can be a factor in being

diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder.

Medication is sometimes used to help with Bipolar

Disorder. Most of the medication used are to prevent depression and manic

episodes. Psychosocial therapy is used to relieve some of the symptoms of

bipolar Disorder, recognizing episode triggers, and reducing negative emotions

in relationships.

Bipolar disorder can be severly disabling medical condition.

Bipolar Disorder has a high rate of misdiagnosis, and it is often difficult for the

patient to receive proper treatment. Patients with a good prognosis are the

result of good…

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