Finance: Interest and Risk-free Rate

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Question 1
( 5 points) In a world with no frictions (taxes, etc.), value is created by how you finance a project.
Question 2
(5) The return of equity is equal to the return on debt of a project/firm
Always true.
Never true.
Sometimes true.
Question 3
(10 points) Moogle, Inc. is in the same business as Google, Inc., but has recently retired all its debt to become an all-equity firm. Its return on equity has dropped from 12.25% to 10.60% as a result of this. Google, Inc. continues to have debt in its capital structure, and its debt-to-equity ratio is 30%. What is the return on assets of Google, Inc.(No more than two decimals in the percentage interest rate, but do not enter the % sign.)
Answer for Question 3
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[Transportation of the electricity will be outsourced.] Your CEO and you are arguing about whether projects that emerge in the two units should have the same cost of capital (WACC), or whether the discount rates should be different. If different, what should be the relative magnitudes of the discount rates, that is, which unit Production or Sales should have the higher discount rate. Assume the discount rates of the two units are labeled as P and S, for the production and Sales units, respectively. What do you think?
Same discount rates for both divisions/units (P=S).
Question 10
(15 points) NorthSouth Airlines has been granted permission to fly passengers between major U.S. cities. The new company faces competition from four airlines that operate between the major cities. The betas of the equity of the four major competitors (A, B, C, D) are 2.25, 2.50, 2.75, and 3.00; and the debt-to-equity ratios of these four companies (in the same order: A, B, C, D) are 0.21, 0.42, 0.63, 0.83. Although these D/E ratios vary, all airline debt is rated the same. Suppose the yield on airline debt is 7%, the risk-free rate is 3% and the expected market risk premium (the average difference between the market return and the risk-free rate) is 5%. What is the cost of capital (or discount rate) that you should use in valuing NorthSouth Airlines? (No more than two

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