Fingerprints, Dental, And Dna Reference Material

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RADIOLOGIC IDENTIFICATION Though antemortem fingerprints, dental, and DNA reference material are thought to be fairly easy to obtain, this is not always the case (Christensen & Hatch, 2014). Many times DNA is not available and a body may be dismembered or so badly burned or decomposed that soft tissue features such as the face and fingerprints are not available for comparison. In cases like this, forensic radiology can serve as an extremely reliable identification tool and has long been used to establish identity when more traditional methods of identification are not possible (Christensen & Hatch, 2014; Brogdon, 1998). The most common identification technique used by forensic anthropologists, radiographic comparison involves the side-by-side or superimposed comparison of skeletal traits using antemortem and postmortem radiographs (Brogdon, 1998). Forensic radiologists and investigators agree that, “many parts of the human skeleton can serve as bony prints of the identification of human remains, and in certain respects bones have a uniqueness similar to that of footprints (Atkins, 1978).” Historically, radiographic comparisons used plain film radiology, however, over the last 30 years the use of and reliance on medical imaging has increased significantly (Christensen & Hatch, 2014). With advances in radiologic technology methods such as computed topography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and multi slice computed topography (MSCT) have become more widely used. Since

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