Finland and Sweden on NATO Essay

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Sweden maintained her neutrality. It therefore had to remain in good terms with the Soviet Union as the other allies had quit the partnership making it vulnerable to attack. Dollar, and Wolff, (1988, p.551) states that Finland and Sweden are EU member states with advanced and high performing economies. Their military forces were not subordinated to the Warsaw Pact and they have accumulated considerable experience in overseeing peacekeeping military action. Their regional security involvement is relatively stable when compared with the Balkans and South Caucasus. This will make them not to see joining NATO as an urgent strategy. When the NATO established Partnership for Peace, İnan, and Yusuf (1999) states that the nations that had been…show more content…
This makes them to be military partners with NATO. Both countries are gradually collaborating with NATO. Vaahtoranta and Forsberg, (2000, p.16) supports that they joined the Partnership for Peace (PfP) program in 1994 and started PfP Planning and Review Process (PARP) 1995. The second part of the PARP process was initiated in 1997 and a large number of new interoperationability objectives were set for the Swedish and Finnish armed forces. They take part in PrP exercises, courses, and seminars and also organize and host them. In 1997, Sweden established a PrP Training Centre offering training in civil defense. It has resulted to Finland and Sweden being almost interoperable with NATO. Vaahtoranta and Forsberg (2000, p.16) further states that Sweden and Finland have participated in the NATO-led IFOR and SFOR operations in Bosnia and the KFOR operation in Kosovo from the beginning. Finland has also participated in the Intensified Dialogue with NATO since 1996. Both countries joined the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council (EAPC) in 1997, Finland having been an observer of NACC since 1992. Vaahtoranta and Forsberg, (2001, p.75) further affirms that Finland and Sweden also established diplomatic missions to NATO and have officers and civil servants working as Partner Staff Elements in NATO’s staff structures. In addition, Sweden is a major military power, performer and more advanced in military technology than most
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