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Firenze, Filippo Brunelleschi: The Mystery Behind The Dome

Decent Essays
Brunelleschi: The Mystery Behind the Dome

Italy is the country of the culture, in fact the art, the innovation and the genius have always found a rich soil in it, Italy gives space to every kind of arts or science: Galileo Galilei, Dante Alighieri, Cristoforo Colombo, Michelangelo Buonarroti, Leonardo Da Vinci, Filippo Brunelleschi and many others.

Firenze has always been the city of the artists, many of the most famous genius came from Firenze, Filippo Brunelleschi is one of them. Brunelleschi was a metalworker but the world knows him as one of the greatest architect, he was the one who designed the dome of the Cathedral Santa Maria del Fiore of Firenze. It is important to specify that today this dome remain one of the biggest masonry dome
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[…] The eight webs consist of two concentric shells. The dome can be envisioned as the composition of an inner thick shell, visible from within the cathedral, nested inside an external thin shell, wider and taller, with a gap between the extrados of the former and the intrados of the latter which varies from the springing to the crown, whose average value is 1.23 m.

[…] The two shells are also connected to one another by some brickwork rings in the webs, which are hidden between the two shells as well. Thus, the dome can also be envisioned as a sandwich structure, whose skins are the two brickwork shells and whose connecting core consists of the eight stonework ribs, the sixteen brickwork ribs and the brickwork rings. The dome does not include any flying buttresses. However, the side chapels and the nave exert a certain buttressing action on the drum, which boosts the buttressing action exerted by the piers.”

The mystery of Brunelleschi’s dome is that he hadn’t knowledge about how to build a dome, but he invented a new way, new tools and machinery to accomplish this glorious work. Modern experts suppose that maybe he found inspiration in different buildings, but he never wrote annotation of his work.
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