First Aid

1435 Words Dec 21st, 2011 6 Pages
INTRODUCTION
First aid is the immediate assistance or treatment given to someone injured or suddenly taken ill before the arrival of an ambulance, doctor, or other appropriate qualified persons.
It is a skill, based on knowledge, training and experience. First aid training is important as it is relevant at home, work place or industries and any other place.
The term “FIRST AIDER” is usually applied to someone who has completed a theoretical and practical instruction course, and passed a professionally supervised examination.
The standard first aid certificate awarded by St John Ambulance, St Andrews Ambulance Association and the British Red Cross is proof of all round competence. First aid must be administered as soon as possible. In
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i.e. Alert, voice, pain, unresponsive).
A – Airway.
B –Breathing (L.L.F i.e. look, listen and feel).
C -circulation
THE RESUSCITATION SEQUENCE
To assess and treat a casualty who has collapse use the resuscitation techniques, obtained on the following pages.
If breathing and pulse return at any points place the casualty in a recovery position.

The resuscitation sequence
Check response Open airway and check breathing  Breathe for the casualty Assess for circulation  commence CPR.

CHECKING RESPONSE
On discovering a casualty, you should first establish whether the casualty is conscious or unconscious.
Ask a simple question such as ‘’hello can you hear me’’. ‘’What has happened to you’’. or give a command such as’’ open your eyes’’. Speak loudly and clearly, close to the casualty’s ear. OPEN THE AIRWAY
An unconscious casualty’s airway may become narrowed or blocked. This makes breathing difficult and noisy or completely impossible. The main reason for this is that muscular control in the throat is lost, which allows the tongue to fall back and block the airway. Lifting the chin and tilting the head back lifts the tongue away from the entrance to the air passage, allowing the casualty to breathe. To open the airway –
Place two fingers under the point of the casualty’s chin lift the jaw. At the same time, place your other hand on the casualty’s forehead and gently tilt the head well back. CHECKING

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