First Aid Study Notes

1390 Words Sep 27th, 2012 6 Pages
First Aid Notes

Q. Why is first aid important?
A. It is better to know first aid and not need it than to need it and not know it.

Q. What is first aid?
A. First aid is the immediate care give to an injured or suddenly ill person.

Q. What is Duty of Care?
A. While providing first aid you have a duty of care which requires you to assess and treat the casualty within the confines of your training and expertise i.e. you must only do what you are trained to do.
Q. What is CPR
A. CPR stands for CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION
Q. What is Cyanosis
A. CYANOSIS is the result of low levels of oxygen in the blood resulting in the skin and mucous membranes becoming blue or grey

Key Terms:
Consent: You must obtain consent from an alert person before
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During a Secondary Survey for an injury check Head, Neck, Chest, Abdomen, Pelvis, Extremities & Back (if no suspect spinal injury) for DOTS

CHECK FOR MEDICAL IDENTIFICATION JEWELLERY/CARDS ETC

Also check for SKIN Colour, Temperature and Moisture

SKIN COLOUR:
Pink = Normal
Red Flushed = Excited, exposure to Heat, High Blood Pressure or Carbon Monoxide Poisoning
White Pale = Shock, Emotional Distress, Constricted Blood Vessels from blood loss
Blue = Cyanotic, Lack of Oxygen in blood and tissues from breathing or heart problems
Yellow = Liver Disease or Failure, Jaundice.

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