First Amendment and Right to Privacy

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The First Amendment of the United States' Constitution, and the first right guaranteed by the Bill of Rights, declares that there will be no law made "respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances" (First Amendment, n.d.). An individual's right to privacy is not guaranteed in the United States' Constitution or the Bill of Rights, however, there have been amendments created that seek to protect specific and private rights individuals. Even so, there are limitations to what type of freedoms are protected under the First Amendment and to what extent an individual's privacy is protected. To begin with, there are three types of speech that are not protected by the First Amendment: obscenity, libel, and slander. Obscenity is "anything which depraves or corrupts minds open to immoral influence" (Freedom of Speech, 2003). Despite the fact that the definition of obscenity has changed throughout the years, Congress, in general, has reached a consensus in determining that obscenity covers anything that is directed towards or involves youths, including child pornography. For example, in 1949, the Supreme Court upheld, in Rosenberg v. Board of Education of City of New York, that the Board of Education did not have the right to ban schools from carrying books such as Oliver Twist and The
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