First Nations Self-Governance of Education

Decent Essays

Education within Nova Scotia Mi’kmaq communities has been heralded as a model in education self-governance for other First Nations. Yet, in 2013 the Nova Scotia Ministry on Mi’kmaq Education openly criticized the Provincial government for failing to mandate a sufficient amount of Mi’kmaq content throughout the Nova Scotia Kindergarten to grade twelve mainstream curriculums. In response the province stated that an increase in Mi’kmaq content from the two high school classes already in existence was unwarranted given the low proportion of First Nations students who attend provincial schools. Is First Nation content in education solely for the purpose of being inclusive of First Nations learners? In Canada, First Nations self-governance of education has been a major development since the early 1970's as a way of reclaiming their languages and cultures as well as healing from their experiences with colonial education policies, such as residential schools. While, success has been garnered in areas of decolonizing education in Canada for the most part the focus tends to remain within the boundaries of First Nations communities and reserves and only minimally spreading into mainstream pedagogy. Thus, while First Nations communities undergo the process of decolonization in order to heal from, and understand the effects of colonialism on their Nations, communities, families and selves, a vast majority of non-First Nations continue to perpetuate colonial ideologies and benefit

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