First Philippic Against Marcus

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In Cicero’s, “First Philippic against Marcus Antonius,” he is offering his view on the political situation after the death of Caesar. His purpose for coming before the Senate is to drive them to the realization that Marcus Antonius and his actions are slowly breaking down the unity of the country. He praises Marcus Antonius for his fine speech, intentions, and promises, then points out the fallacies and unconstitutionality of Marcus Antonius’ actions. He reminds the Senators that “Nothing was done any longer through the Senate…” because measures were being passed without declaration or consent. The Senate and Caesar’s advisors are Cicero’s audience even though the end of the speech…show more content…
They are able to sympathize with Cicero. He goes on to explain the reason for his return. When he had left, he had a date that he would return in mind, January 1st. Shortly after his arrival in Greece, he heard news of “a well-attended meeting of the Senate on the first of August and that Antonius was going to drop his bad advisers, renounce his governorship of the Gallic provinces, and resume his allegiance to the authority of the Senate.” He makes is clear that he was eager to return so that he could witness such a great day. He describes his enthusiasm, “no winds were speedy enough to satisfy my impatience…I was eager not to waste a moment in offering the government my congratulations.” And on his way home, he hears about Piso’s great speech and the lack of support that he received. Cicero tells the Senate that this gave him even more reason to return. “…I hastened back to lend him my aid. My purpose was not so much to accomplish anything concrete…this is a time when many things contrary to the order of nature and even against the ordinary course of fate seem likely to happen at any moment.” Cicero was eager to come back, but he did not know what to expect when he did. He just felt like this was one of those “moments of truth,” where things could start to look up or take a drastic turn for the worse. He shows that his
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