First World War Essays

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First World War

In 1914 the First World War broke out, it quickly became Stalemate on two fronts, when the German Schlieffen plan failed. This was a plan thought of by Count Von Schlieffen to invade France, the idea that the German's could swing round Paris capturing the City in six weeks and ending the war before the Russian's could mobilise. However the German's did not expect the fierce resistance they received when attempting to pass through Belgium, the Russian's and the French both had time to mobilise and were ready for the German's, giving the Allies a great advantage in the beginning of the war.

At the battle of the Marne in September 1914, German troops where already exhausted and
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In 1916, when both sides found the war difficult and were tired of the two year stalemate, the battle of The Somme was a desperate attempt to break the stalemate. It was a British plan to cause a breakthrough and ultimately, end the war. During this battle the tank made its introduction, being partially successful 1 million British soldiers were killed. Though costly, a breakthrough was achieved, and land was re-captured, British morale remained low due to the high casualties and the tactic of attrition, sending soldiers "over the top" constantly, to wear the German defenders down. At the battle of Verdux, the German plan was to capture French forts and "bleed France white" causing them to surrender, breaking the stalemate. Both sides lost thousands, but the Germans forced the French close to breaking point. In 1917 after the sinking of the Lusitania, the American's came into the war on the Western front. The American arrival was a great relief for the allies, freshly trained troops and supplies were poured in to front to support their counterparts. With such greater numbers, the allies were able push back the Germans across France. American arrival helped break the stalemate.


Locked in stalemate both the allies and Germans were continually finding new ways to break the stalemate.


Poison gas was one of the many attempts

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