Fiscal and Monetary Policy

946 WordsFeb 24, 20184 Pages
It is the role of the federal government therefore to keep inflation low as well as keeping unemployment rate down. Philips curve gives the probability of having both a low unemployment and inflation hence providing the stakeholders in the sector in the short run a tradeoff between unemployment and inflation (Mark & Asmaa, 2012). Unemployment can be kept under control by the government while at the same time allowing inflation OR to keep controlling prices and not controlling unemployment. This compromise between the two is shown as a contra-relation between inflation and unemployment. In the long run, the government can only afford to play around with inflation while having zero control over unemployment. At this natural rate of unemployment the curve will be vertical. According to what we are given, the rate of inflation is at an acceptable level of 2 % while unemployment rate is exceptionally high. The only way to counter this is by reducing the tax rates and increasing the government expenditure on both services and goods which is an expansionary policy. The reason for this policy is to first raise the budget deficit. For consumption and spending not to drop the fed can choose to increase the money supply to keep it high. The common tools for expansionary monetary policy are the open market purchase of securities and lowering of the FED landing rate. Because of increased availability of money the aggregate supply will not keep up with rise in demand hence leading to

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