Fish and Humans: Homologus Structure

1020 WordsJul 14, 20185 Pages
Humans and fish are not closely related on the outside appearance. Most people would not see how we can share the same features with fish, but scientists do know that these two species share homologous features. Homologous is being in similar structures, and having similar genes indicate species are from a common ancestor, but does not have indicated that these features will work exactly the same. Humans and fish are related in the lineage of chordate because human shared homologous features to fish. Homologous features shared by human and fish enlighten the evolutionary pathway from the earliest vertebrate by sharing similar structures of the hands and fins, the development of teeth that diversified into features that showed up from the…show more content…
The process of two layers of tissue skin came together and fused to create teeth leads to all the other skin related features such as the feathers, hair, fur and breast. The written instruction to create teeth for humans and fish is the very similar with elements of the protein enamel, dentine, and the pulp present in all teeth. These two features earlier are examples that we can see with our naked eyes, but the DNA make up that we cannot see with our eyes alone are also laid out the same as well. In the evolutionary pathway, the genes that turn on and off for humans and fish are related through the instructions on how they function. All living things with limbs have in common the Sonic hedgehog gene (Shubin, p. 53). The Sonic hedgehog gene can control the development of the limbs in these creatures. To determine if the development of vertebrate animals can be interpreted in the same way, or have the same effect, the injection of vitamin A was used to inject into a shark, mice, and chicken embryos to see if the results were the same. The results turned out that the injection of vitamin A has indeed changed the development of limbs in these embryos. The effects cause the shark to have a mirror image of its fin, and the mice and chicken have duplication of bones in the limbs (Shubin, p.56-57). It becomes clear of what will happen if

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