Fitts & Posners Phases of Learning

1394 WordsJul 8, 20186 Pages
Fitts & Posners Phases of Learning An often-quoted phrase about practice, usually to encourage children to keep working and to keep repeating the same task, is that 'practice makes perfect'. It when we look at pupils practicing in any sport, or in any other physical activity for that matter, it is quite clear that, although they are repeating movements, in many cases they are not improving significantly. In fact, in many cases, they are not improving at all. In many cases their lack of success and achievement is de-motivating and they become careless and half-hearted or even angry at what they are doing because of the lack of success. The theory behind the idea that 'practice makes perfect' is…show more content…
I would not use any negative feedback, because this would demotivate them, I would use extrinsic feedback, telling them the good points they were doing. I would do this because by pointing out their good points they feel happy and confident doing the skill. The associative stage begins when the learner has a greater appreciation of the form of the skill and the anticipated perceptual and sensory information involved. There will be less errors and the learner will be able to begin to focus on points that could be termed 'refining the technique' as opposed to learning the basics. In terms of swimming this can be getting the performer to do the arm and leg/kicking action together. Once they had developed this I could think about incorporating the breathing into this. As they are still learning to put their own technique together, I would not use negative feedback still, but I would use constructive criticism, to make sure they know that they can still improve but I would do a lot of this. I think the best way to get feedback at this level would be intrinsic. By getting the feedback from the performer themselves, it is meaning that they have to think about their own performance and what was good and bad. By the autonomous stage the performance is almost automatic. The learner will not have to pay a great deal of attention to the perceptual and
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