Five Main Characteristics of Hate Crimes

1827 WordsFeb 19, 20128 Pages
FIVE MAIN CHARATERISTICS OF HATE CRIMES By Tameka Young, Fred Harris, Coretta Rainey, Tim Tala, and Tanaia Reid American Intercontinental University February 16, 2012 Introduction to Law Enforcement Professor Major Wenda Phifer Thursday 8:30-11:30 am Abstract In this paper hates crimes or bias crimes such as, race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, and ethnicity are discussed. There will be real world examples of hate crimes or bias crimes and ways or programs that are set up to protect citizens. Hate crimes and hate incidents-those that are motivated by an offender’s bias against an individual’s or group’s race, religion, disability, sexual orientation, ethnic/national origin, gender, or age- are also major issues for the…show more content…
The Act also makes grants available to state and local communities to combat violent crimes committed by juveniles, train law enforcement officers, or to assist in state and local investigations and prosecutions of bias motivated crimes”. (Campaign, 2009). Ethnicity/National Origin bias Hate crimes or bias-motivated crimes against ethnicity or national origin occur when a perpetrator targets a victim because of his or her perceived membership in a certain ethnicity or national origin. The concept of hate crime entered the legal arena in the United States as recently as 1978, when California became the first state to introduce Legislation that specifically addressed crimes motivated by prejudice against a victim's perceived group membership. (Grattet, Jenness and Curry 1998). With the increase dynamic pattern of ethnic segregation and tradition, of national origin and ethnic territoriality that characteristics many communities, it is relatively easier for perpetrators to target the whole community not just individual. Some examples of hate crimes against ethnic or national origins include Nazi programs in Germany, Genocide in Rwanda, and the ethnic conflicts in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The most effective ways to fight hate crimes include the creation of laws that fulfill the following: Laws defining specific bias; laws defining criminal penalties; laws creating a distinct civil cause for hate crimes; and laws requiring administrative agencies to collect data regarding
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