Five Organizational Approaches In Policing

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In contemporary policing, there are five broad organizational approaches which are: Community Policing, Problem Oriented Policing, Comp-stat poling, Intelligence-led Policing, and Evidence Based Policing. Community policing emphasizes a problem-solving relationship between the police and the residents. The goal is to reach a healthy, crime-free environment. Community policing is also referred to as Neighborhood Policing since the officers must fully immerse themselves into the community. In the approach, the police are looked at as guardians of the people, their main job is the project the citizens. An example of this type of partnership between the community and officer is a neighborhood watch program. Which is a program of vigilance by residents of a neighborhood to discourage crime while also working with the police. Community policing focuses on developing protocols and effective practice that will help build a solid foundation of serving the community, thus affecting the community’s perception of the police department. The second approach is Problem-solving policing, which is aimed at solving repeating community problems. An officers job is to identify, analyze and respond to the factors that produce the incidents. In the approach, officers are supposed to be proactive instead of reactive. Police officials, business owners, and civilians come together to share information crime patterns and then come up with plans for crime prevention. Unlike community policing where
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