Flexible Organization

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A proper flexible organization provides its work force arrangements where employees are given greater freedom to balance their work and personal commitments such as family, higher education, community activities, religious commitments, professional development, and general interests. Above is Atkinson's model of a flexible firm. He argued that firms increasingly seek 4 kinds of flexibility functional, numerical, pay, distancing.

Functional flexibility is a qualitative approach to work, and refers to management's ability to deploy and redeploy particular sections of the workforce on a wide range of tasks in response to market demand as and when required (Sparrow 1998 cited in Teicher & Holland 2006 p. 241-242). To ensure that this
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Flexible work arrangements has its pros, unfortunately it does have its disadvantages as well. First of all, it is important that employers need to recognize that flexible work arrangements are not always appropriate for all people, jobs or industries. For example, if companies allow its service workers to arrive to work at different hours, customer service may suffer. Potential customers are forced to either wait or seek somewhere else. This also concerns manufacturers; many factory operations rely on employees to arrive at the same time, because they depend on each other for the smooth flowing of production.
In its hard form it can also mean the intensification of work by redressing jobs to include a greater variety of low skilled tasks without any skill development (Teicher & Holland 2006 p. 242)
Critics also contend that flexible programs often leave managers in difficult situations. As Martha H. Peak wrote in Management Review (1994) "Far too often, flex is embraced … for its 'family-friendly' aspects long before the corporate support needed to manage it takes root. In these companies, flex policies are outlined in the employee manual but implementation is left up to individual managers. Then, when managers try to implement these programs, they discover that to be fair, flex requires them to treat different employees differently."
Telecommuting and other "flexi-place" arrangements can be disastrous if employees are
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