Florence Nightingale 's Lessons For Global Health Nursing

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Florence Nightingale’s Lessons for Global Health Nursing: A Case of the Gambella Region Introduction In the Gambella region, cholera is a permanent problem. The area is known for overpopulation and destitute sanitation, which provides an ideal breeding ground for the Vibrio cholerae bacillus. In 2014, along with the native residents, more than 185,000 South Sudanese refugees have been vaccinated against cholera. It was Ethiopia’s first-ever mass cholera immunization that also reached South Sudanese refugees. Since then, the Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) have provided medical care, water and sanitation services, not just to the Ethiopian people, but also to the South Sudanese refugees in Pagak and Matar transit centres as well as in Letchuor, Kule and Tierkidi refugee camps and in Itang (MSF, 2014; Web). The purpose of this paper is to discuss Florence Nightingale 's ((1820-1910) theories in the context of the MSF cholera immunization program in Ethiopia’s Gambella region, focusing on the links between the issues of health, water, sanitation, and prevention of communicable diseases. It is argued that the solution to the contemporary deadly relationships between microbial life, poor water and inadequate sanitation in developing countries is based on 1) the sound principle of hygiene/sanitation (i.e. environmental nursing promoted by its heroine Florence Nightingale), and 2) prevention strategies carried by the communal partnership between various national

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