Florence Nightingale 's Self Care Deficit Theory

849 WordsAug 4, 20164 Pages
Florence Nightingale The first nursing theorist, Florence Nightingale, is important to nursing philosophy as she was the founder of modern nursing (Joel, 2006). Although Florence Nightingale is the first theorist, she will not be the last. After Florence Nightingale’s environmental theory philosophy, Martha Rogers will publish the Science of Unitary Human Beings (Alligood, 2014). Around the same time as Martha Rogers’ publication, Dorothea Orem will publish the Self-Care Deficit theory. After Rogers’ and Orem’s theory, Joyce Travelbee will publish the Human-to-Human Relationship theory (Alligood, 2014). Finally, Dr. Jean Watson will publish the theory of transpersonal caring in the late 1970’s (Alligood, 2014). Florence Nightingale, also known as the Lady of the Lamp, included the concepts of light, cleanliness, diet, and a quiet atmosphere in her nursing theory (Joel, 2006). However, an understanding of her philosophy would not be complete without mentioning her focus on nursing administration and the close observation of patients to measure the results of nursing interventions (Alligood, 2014). Her theory’s focus on the patient’s surroundings and environment has intrigued nurses as her components of environmental health is as applicable today as it was one hundred and fifty years ago (Alligood, 2014). Nightingale’s application of the environment beyond the hospital setting speaks to her belief that the private home surroundings were also necessary for the proper
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