Fluency Is A Critical Component Of Reading Instruction

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Introduction Fluency is a critical component of reading instruction. Teachers need to realize the importance of fluency in reading because the majority of our students who cannot read well are not fluent readers. Fluency is important because it provides a bridge between word recognition and comprehension. Relevance to reading education Fluency is defined as the ability to read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression. In order to understand what they read, children must be able to read fluently, whether they are reading aloud or silently. When reading aloud, fluent readers read in phrases and add intonation appropriately. Their reading is smooth and has expression. Children who do not read with fluency sound choppy and awkward. Those…show more content…
In order for students to become a successful fluent reader, teachers need to help them develop the four components: rate, automaticity or accuracy, prosody, and comprehension. The majority of readers assessed as having reading difficulties lack one or more components of fluency (Wolf, Miller, & Donnelly, 2000). Fluency is important because it provides a bridge between word recognition and comprehension. Because fluent readers do not have to concentrate on decoding the words, they can focus their attention on what the text means. They can make connections among the ideas in the text and between the text and their background knowledge. In other words, fluent readers recognize words and comprehend at the same time. Less fluent readers, however, must focus their attention on figuring out the words, leaving them little attention for understanding the text. Adult modeling is essential for helping students develop fluency, especially those in the elementary grades. Many young readers do not know the pace at which they must read to comprehend a text. Similarly, expression and phrasing may not be readily apparent to them. This is why it is important that adults read aloud to children using appropriate phrasing, expression, and pacing. Children will begin to develop an understanding of the ways they can use fluency in their own reading and the importance of it for reading comprehension when we model these aspects of reading. A strong
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