Food Areas Of The United States

1251 WordsJan 4, 20176 Pages
In the United States, millions of Americans are left hungry due to limited access to nutritional food on a regular basis. There is a vast disparity in those with access to food based on a number of factors, such as race, access to private transportation, and income. These factors all stem from one overarching idea, geography. Those without access to nutritional food originate from low-income areas that are miles away from a supermarket and they must depend on local convenience stores. The issue of food deserts therefore arise as particular areas in the US grow hungrier due to an inability to attain the high-quality food that many Americans are accustomed to. Food deserts are defined as urban neighborhoods and rural towns without ready…show more content…
While the population rates of these areas tends to be lower, unemployment rates are often much higher. This creates a small market with a relatively low purchasing power, leaving food retailers with the idea that these areas may not be as profitable as others and therefore disincentivizing the location. An example of a food desert is Chicago, Illinois. One out of every four children lives in poverty and many households are isolated in low income areas with lack of available transportation and a climate that contributes to the creation of food deserts. In Chicago, over the course of 40 years, there was a huge disinvestment in grocery stores in the south side of the city and even in areas that did have access to grocery stores, many did not have access to healthy, fresh foods. In fact, one study was conducted that found that when asking local children what color a banana was based on what they had witnessed in local stores, the most common response was “brown” (Walker). The problem of assessing nutritional food is often exacerbated by the fact that a majority of urban food deserts are characterized by higher levels of racial segregation and far greater income inequality. Nearly half of the households in such areas lack access to private vehicles and transportation as well as lack money for food (Dutko). At one point, wealthier people moved outward from city centers to suburbs, which they were able to do because of privatized mobility. Once they left the city, many
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