Food Security Is A Basic Human Right, Essential For Life

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Food security is considered as a basic human right, essential for life. It exists when all people, at all

times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary

needs and food preferences for a healthy and active lifestyle [Food & Agricultural Organization (FAO),

1996]. Food insecurity can refer to not having sufficient food; experiencing hunger as a result of running

out of food and being unable to afford more; eating a poor-quality diet as a result of limited food options;

anxiety about acquiring food; or having to rely on food relief (Rychetnik, Webb, Story, & Kat, 2003).

Although the United States population is considered food secure as a whole, with 85.7% being food

secure (Coleman-Jensen, Gregory & Singh, 2014), pockets of food insecurity have been identified among

sub-populations such as single-parent households (34.4%), people at social or geographical

disadvantage (26%), the homeless and the young (Rychetnik, Webb, Story, & Kat, 2003; Innes-Hughes,

Bowers, King, Chapman, & Eden, 2010).

According to National Center for Education Statistics (2013), enrollment of students 18-24 years in

degree granting institutions increased from 15.9 million in 2001 to 21 million in 2011. Many students live

on low incomes and have unique expenses, such as high tuition, cost of textbooks, healthcare cost and

other instructional expenses such as housing that increase their cost of living relative to other young
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